Volkswagen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Volkswagen (VW; German pronunciation: [Л€f. Й”lks. ЛЊva. ЛђЙЎЕ‹МЌ]) is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Established in 1.
Volkswagen is the top- selling and namesake marque of the Volkswagen Group, the holding company created in 1. Volkswagen has three cars in the top 1.
Wall St.: the Volkswagen Golf, the Volkswagen Beetle, and the Volkswagen Passat. With these three cars, Volkswagen has the most cars of any automobile manufacturer in the list that are still being manufactured, which includes model names that span multiple revisions and generations.[better source needed]Volkswagen translates as "People's Automobile" in German. The company's current international slogan is "Volkswagen."HistoryFor vehicle timeline tables, see: Volkswagen (timeline). People's Car projectVolkswagen was originally created in 1.
German Labour Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront).It was originally made by a group of labour. In the early 1. 93. German auto industry was still largely composed of luxury models, and the average German could rarely afford anything more than a motorcycle. As a result, only one German out of 5.
Seeking a potential new market, some car makers began independent "peoples' car" projects вЂ“ the Mercedes 1. H, Adler Auto. Bahn, Steyr 5. Hanomag 1. 3. L, among others. The trend was not new, as BГ©la Bar. Г©nyi is credited with having conceived the basic design in the mid- 1. Josef Ganz developed the Standard Superior (going as far as advertising it as the "German Volkswagen"). In Germany the company Hanomag mass- produced the 2/1.
PS "Komissbrot", a small, cheap rear engined car, from 1. Also, in Czechoslovakia, the Hans Ledwinka's penned Tatra T7. German elite, was becoming smaller and more affordable at each revision. Ferdinand Porsche, a well- known designer for high- end vehicles and race cars, had been trying for years to get a manufacturer interested in a small car suitable for a family. He felt the small cars at the time were just stripped down big cars. Instead he built a car he called the "Volksauto" from the ground up in 1.
In 1. 93. 2, with many of the above projects still in development or early stages of production, Adolf Hitler got involved, ordering the production of a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 1. He wanted his German citizens to have the same access to a car as the Americans. The "People's Car" would be available to citizens of the Third Reich through a savings plan at 9. Reichsmark (в‚¬ 3.
RM a week).Despite heavy lobbying in favour of one of the existing projects, it soon became apparent that private industry could not turn out a car for only 9. RM. Thus, Hitler chose to sponsor an all- new, state- owned factory using Ferdinand Porsche's design (with some of Hitler's design constraints, including an air- cooled engine so nothing could freeze).
The Volkswagen Touareg TDI isn’t the newest diesel-powered German luxury SUV on the market. It is, however, the best one for the money. The Tuareg (/ ˈ t w ɑr ɛ ɡ /; also spelled Twareg or Touareg; endonym Imuhagh) are Berber people with a traditionally nomadic pastoralist lifestyle. They are the. Volkswagen Touareg R50 V 1.0 LS15. Nice texture and interrior opening doors and others….
The intention was that ordinary Germans would buy the car by means of a savings scheme ("FГјnf Mark die Woche musst du sparen, willst du im eigenen Wagen fahren" вЂ“ "Five marks a week you must put aside, if you want to drive your own car"), which around 3. However, the entire project was financially unsound, and only the corruption and lack of accountability of the Nazi regime made it possible.[1.
Note 1]Prototypes of the car called the "Kd. F- Wagen" (German: Kraft durch Freude вЂ“ "strength through joy"), appeared from 1. Stuttgart). The car already had its distinctive round shape and air- cooled, flat- four, rear- mounted engine. The VW car was just one of many Kd. F programs, which included things such as tours and outings. The prefix VolksвЂ” ("People's") was not just applied to cars, but also to other products in Germany; the "Volksempf. Г¤nger" radio receiver for instance.
The feature-packed Volkswagen Touareg Element will go on sale in Australia in November. The Touareg Element is based on the entry-level 150TDI version of Volkswagen.
On 2. 8 May 1. 93. Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mb. H (sometimes abbreviated to Gezuvor[1. Deutsche Arbeitsfront. It was later renamed "Volkswagenwerk Gmb. H" on 1. 6 September 1.
Erwin Komenda, the longstanding Auto Union chief designer, part of Ferdinand Porsche's hand- picked team, developed the car body of the prototype, which was recognizably the Beetle known today. It was one of the first cars designed with the aid of a wind tunnelвЂ”a method used for German aircraft design since the early 1. The car designs were put through rigorous tests, and achieved a record- breaking million miles of testing before being deemed finished. The building of the new factory started 2. May 1. 93. 8 in the new town of Kd. F- Stadt (modern- day Wolfsburg), which had been purpose- built for the factory workers.[1. This factory had only produced a handful of cars by the time war started in 1.
None were actually delivered to any holder of the completed saving stamp books, though one Type 1 Cabriolet was presented to Hitler on 2. April 1. 94. 4 (his 5. War changed production to military vehiclesвЂ”the Type 8. KГјbelwagen ("Bucket car") utility vehicle (VW's most common wartime model), and the amphibious. SchwimmwagenвЂ”manufactured for German forces.
As was common with much of the production in Nazi Germany during the war, slave labor was utilized in the Volkswagen plant, e. Arbeitsdorf concentration camp. The company would admit in 1. German historians estimated that 8. Volkswagen's wartime workforce was slave labor. Many of the slaves were reported to have been supplied from the concentration camps upon request from plant managers.
A lawsuit was filed in 1. Volkswagen would set up a voluntary restitution fund.[1. British Army intervention, unclear futureThe company owes its post- war existence largely to one man, British Armyofficer Major Ivan Hirst, REME. In April 1. 94. 5, Kd. F- Stadt, and its heavily bombed factory were captured by the Americans, and subsequently handed over to the British, within whose occupation zone the town and factory fell. The factories were placed under the control of Oldham- born Hirst.
At first, the plan was to use it for military vehicle maintenance, and possibly dismantle and ship it to Britain. Since it had been used for military production, and had been in Hirst's words, a "political animal" rather than a commercial enterpriseвЂ”technically making it liable for destruction under the terms of the Potsdam AgreementвЂ”the equipment could be salvaged as war reparations. Allied dismantling policy changed in late 1. Hirst painted one of the factory's cars green and demonstrated it to British Army headquarters. Short of light transport, in September 1. British Army was persuaded to place a vital order for 2. The first few hundred cars went to personnel from the occupying forces, and to the German Post Office.
Some British Service personnel were allowed to take their Beetles back to the United Kingdom when they were demobilised, and one of the very first Beetles brought back in that way (UK registration number JLT 4. Peter Colborne- Baber, the son of the original proprietor of the UK's first official Volkswagen Importer, Colborne Garages of Ripley, Surrey.[1. The post- war Industrial plans for Germany set out rules that governed which industries Germany was allowed to retain. These rules set German car production at a maximum of 1. By 1. 94. 6, the factory produced 1,0.
Owing to roof and window damage, production had to stop when it rained, and the company had to barter new vehicles for steel for production. The car and its town changed their Second World War- era names to "Volkswagen" and "Wolfsburg" respectively, and production increased. It was still unclear what was to become of the factory. It was offered to representatives from the American, Australian, British, and French motor industries.
Famously, all rejected it. After an inspection of the plant, Sir William Rootes, head of the British Rootes Group, told Hirst the project would fail within two years, and that the car "..
If you think you're going to build cars in this place, you're a bloody fool, young man." The official report said "To build the car commercially would be a completely uneconomic enterprise."[1. In an ironic twist of fate, Volkswagen manufactured a locally built version of Rootes's Hillman Avenger in Argentina in the 1.
Rootes had gone bankrupt at the hands of Chrysler in 1. Beetle outliving the Avenger by over 3. Ford representatives were equally critical. In March 1. 94. 8, the British offered the Volkswagen company to Ford, free of charge. Henry Ford II, the son of Edsel Ford, traveled to West Germany for discussions. Heinz Nordhoff was also present, and Ernest Breech, chairman of the board for Ford Motor Company.
Henry Ford II looked to Ernest Breech for his opinion, and Breech said, "Mr. Ford, I don't think what we're being offered here is worth a dime!" Ford passed on the offer, leaving Volkswagen to rebuild itself under Nordhoff's leadership. Icon of post war West German regeneration. Volkswagen "split rear window" Sedan. Volkswagen Cabriolet (1. An original 1. 30.
Deluxe, circa 1. 96. In the later 1. 96. Beetle finally began to diminish, a variety of successor designs were proposed and, in most cases, rejected by management. From 1. 94. 8, Volkswagen became an important element, symbolically and economically, of West German regeneration. Heinrich Nordhoff (1. Opel who had overseen civilian and military vehicle production in the 1. In 1. 94. 9, Major Hirst left the companyвЂ”now re- formed as a trust controlled by the West German government and government of the State of Lower Saxony.
Apart from the introduction of the Volkswagen Type 2commercial vehicle (van, pick- up and camper), and the VW Karmann Ghia sports car, Nordhoff pursued the one- model policy until shortly before his death in 1. Volkswagens were first exhibited and sold in the United States in 1. America that first year.
On entry to the U. S. market, the VW was briefly sold as a Victory Wagon.
Volkswagen of America was formed in April 1.